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Retablo dela vida de Christo fecho en metro.

Juan de PADILLA (Author)

Miguel de Eguía (Printer)

Origin: Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), XVI c.
Biblioteca Nacional de España.

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ISBN 13:
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Facsimile. Old Books. Collection of Incunabula and Old Books.
20,5 x 29,5 cm.
77+3 crd.
154+6 crd.
22nd April 2005.
Parchment on wooden board.
Religious literature.
Presentation dust jacket cloth lined with gold engraved leather spine containing facsimile.
Numbered by notary and signed by the printer-publisher.
Specially made laid paper.
Optional: Study in Spanish: author yet to be determined. Included in
Bibliofilia Antigua XI.
Printed in Alcalá de Henares, by Miguel de Eguia, whose name was not declared, in 1529. 76 numbered sheets from the fourth sheet: iiij - lxxvj. Completed with sheet number 76 of copy 27232 at the Biblioteca General de la Universidad de Salamanca. Gothic script in three font sizes. Many xylographical figures of saints throughout the text. Beautiful title page with an architectural frame. There are two editions: a set of copies of the issues have a plain colophon (inscription at the end of the book) in which there is only a mention to the town of Alcalá de Henares; and another set of issues, on the other hand, shows a more detailed colophon, where you can see the town where it was printed and the date when the work was completed: the 8th of November 1529.

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The life of Christ, 'written by a religious monk of the Cartujan order, in Castilian verses or Major Art couplets, whatever is best read', and remembered, without a doubt, as the quiet author reminds us (he even hides his name, however we know, nowadays, that his name was Juan Padilla, from Seville) 'as Aristotle said, men naturally enjoy verse and music'. In a few sentences, the author has told us the contents, the shape, the reason behind his choice and the objective followed.

However it's about verses, there are several side apostilles in order to authorise the poet's expressions and for preacher's use. Each song concludes with a prayer and, in general, it is accompanied by a small image related to it, between two xylographic vertical parts. Some of the images are repeated, as the workshop did not have enough xylographical woodens to be able to illustrate every scene narrated in these verses.

The ink result is pleasant to the sight, because of the double column; the apostilles appear irregularly, the presence of a running title, the alternance of different sizes typescripts, the printed typographic signs.The title page displays four of those scenes, irregularly distributed: the Crucifixion and the Resurrection above the scenes of the Nativity and Jesus in Mary's arms, riding a donkey, with St Joseph walking alongside, in their flight to Egypt. Those four scenes, the title and the printing year occupy the inside space of an architectural structure, with the legend "Initium Sapientiae timor Domini".


IBIC Rating:

AC History of art / art & design styles
ACN History of art & design styles: c 1400 to c 1600
ACND Renaissance art
AFF Drawing & drawings
AFH Prints & printmaking
AFJ Other graphic art forms
AFT Decorative arts
AGH Human figures depicted in art
AGR Religious subjects depicted in art
BGX Biography: religious & spiritual
DCF Poetry by individual poets
DSBD Literary studies: c 1500 to c 1800
HBJD European history
HBLH Early modern history: c 1450/1500 to c 1700
HRA Religion: general
HRC Christianity
HRCS Christian spirituality & religious experience
WCS Antiques & collectables: books, manuscripts, ephemera & printed matter

1D Europe
1DSE Spain
1DSEA Andalucia, Autonomous Community
1DSEH Castilla y León, Autonomous Community
1DSEH Castilla y León, Autonomous Community
2ADS Spanish
3JB c 1500 to c 1600